Parlare italiano: an observatory of language uses PDF Print E-mail

 

The observatory has two strongly related objectives. The first objective is that of broadening the cognitive basis of enunciative and grammatical mechanisms of spoken communication through research based on corpora. The second objective entails evaluating how and how much the broadening of linguistic data might contribute to a better understanding of the linguistic system in its entirety. In fact, it is evident that speech, at an initial level, is characterized by a sub-group of typical language structures that are not (or only partially) observable in other contexts; at a second level, speech allows us to discover the relation between different portions of grammar, otherwise hidden, but nonetheless central to the general architecture of the system.

Computational objectives addressed to researching the structure of metadata, linguistic databases, analysis and implementation are added to the strictly linguistic objectives. The project includes research on theoretical and practical implementation of tools and techniques for automatic segmentation of audio and video signals, with specific attention to their use in the management of multimedia and multimodal linguistic corpora is carried out within the project.

Considering these objectives, Parlare italiano gathers together numerous researchers from different research groups who are involved in the many aspects of spoken communication. This is a driving force that allows not only to present a broad panorama of studies and points-of-view, but especially to create the necessary framework for the construction of a systematic vision of linguistic facts, being a priority when setting apparent eccentricities in order.

The multiplicity of approaches can be derived from the research fields present within the project, which cover many aspects of research regarding speech and spoken communication: from the history of studies on speech, to research regarding diachronic, regional, and diafasic registers as well as difference between native and non-native speech, form the contributions of computational linguistics to experiments in the technological field for the analysis and management of speech data, to the contributions of audiological and psychological research regarding speech disorders. Many description levels are also represented: prosodic, morphologic, syntactic, lexical, semantic and pragmatic.

Although already quite wide, the list may not be considered exhaustive or concluded, but open to amplification and enrichment.